Early Years Foundation Stage

Early Years Foundation Stage


The EYFS principles are grouped into 4 themes

1.    A unique child

Principle- Every child is a competent learner from birth who can be resilient, capable, confident and self-assured

2.    Positive Relationships

Principle- Children Learn to be strong and independent from a base of loving and secure relationships with parents and / or the key person

3.    Enabling Environments

Principle- The environment plays a key role in supporting and extending children’s development and learning

4.    Learning and Development

Principle- Children develop and learn in different ways and at different rates and all areas of learning and development are equally important and inter-connected.

The Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) is the statutory framework that sets the standards that all early years practitioners must meet to ensure that children learn and develop well and are kept healthy and safe. It promotes teaching and learning to ensure children are ready for school and gives children the broad range of knowledge and skills that provide the right foundation for good future progress through school and life.

Children will be learning skills, acquiring new knowledge and demonstrating their understanding through 7 areas of learning and development.

Children should mostly develop the 3 prime areas first. These are:

·      Communication and language

·      Physical development

·      Personal, social and emotional development


These prime areas are most essential for children’s healthy development and future learning.

As children grow, the prime areas will help them to develop skills in 4 specific areas.  These are:

·      Literacy

·      Mathematics

·      Understanding the world

·      Expressive arts and design

These 7 areas are used to plan children’s learning and activities. The key workers teaching and supporting children will make sure that the activities are suited to each child’s unique needs. This is a little bit like a curriculum in primary and secondary schools, but it’s suitable for very young children, and it’s designed to be really flexible so that staff can follow each child’s unique needs and interests.

Children in the EYFS learn by playing and exploring, being active, and through creative and critical thinking which takes place both indoors and outdoors.